Legal Support

If you are a journalist facing harassment online it can be difficult to know where to get legal help. Online violence often crosses borders and jurisdictions and takes many forms, including image misrepresentation, doxxing and threats to life. Get support and learn more about your legal rights below.

Be safer by taking the following steps:



These organizations will need some documentation. Don’t forget to document and keep evidence of the harassment you are facing.

Get Support

The following organizations assist journalists seeking legal support for situations that arise as a result of online violence.

Media Defense

Media Defense is an international human rights organization that provides legal help to journalists and independent media around the world. Their lawyers can provide support for the following:

The International Women’s Media Foundation

The International Women’s Media Foundation (IWMF) is a nonprofit working internationally to support women journalists. Their team can connect journalists to lawyers and can provide financial assistance to cover legal costs.

The IWMF Emergency Fund provides funding for legal aid to counter threats of censorship or imprisonment. The fund is open to women and women-identifying journalists around the world.

Free Press Unlimited

Free Press Unlimited is a non-governmental organization based in the Netherlands. They can provide financial support to journalists who face prosecution or imprisonment and who are unable to afford a lawyer or the cost of a trial.

The Rory Peck Trust

The Rory Peck Trust is an international NGO that supports freelance journalists worldwide. The organization has a fund that can cover legal fees resulting from your work as a journalist.

Reporters without Borders

Reporters without Borders is an independent NGO that can support journalists with legal costs if they have been wrongfully persecuted. 

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Additional Resources

Learn more about your legal rights when it comes to being harassed online. The following resources can provide you with further information.

  • Right To Be

    Right To Be is a community working to end online harassment. The organization has legal resources for a US audience.

  • PEN America

    Pen America is a non-profit protecting freedom of expression in the US and worldwide. Their Online Harassment Field Manual has resources on legal considerations for reporting online abuse in the US.